Adrenal Tumor
The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys and have two parts, the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla. The adrenal cortex secretes hormones including cortisol and aldosterone. The adrenal medulla produces dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine.
Adrenal tumors are cancerous or noncancerous growths on the adrenal glands. 
The cause of most adrenal tumors is unknown. Risk factors for adrenal tumors can include Carney complex, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 and neurofibromatosis type 1. Adrenal tumors may be removed surgically.
Cause &
Risk factors
Several signs and symptoms may be seen, including:

Bruising
High blood pressure
Weakness
High blood sugar levels or diabetes
Low potassium levels
Excessive hair growth
Sweating
Increased weight or weight loss
Stretch marks on the abdomen
Depressed mood
Nervousness
Anxiety/panic attacks
Osteoporosis
Fat deposits on the neck
Heart palpitations
Diagnosis
& Treatment
The vast majority of adrenal tumors are benign. Most often, they do not cause any symptoms and are discovered as incidental findings on either a CT or MRI done for completely unrelated reasons, such as for evaluation of abdominal pain. As such, they are referred to as adrenal incidentalomas. Aside from categorizing them as noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), they are categorized as functioning or nonfunctioning. Functioning tumors lead to overproduction of one or more of the normal adrenal hormones.

What is the treatment for adrenal tumors?

The tumor may be removed via surgery. It is recommended that most functioning tumors, regardless of their size, be removed. Small, nonfunctioning tumors can be followed with repeat CT scans and if they remain stable in size they can be observed without treatment. If a nonfunctioning tumor grows more rapidly than expected, or if it approaches 5 centimeters in maximum dimension, it is generally removed. If the tumor is small and appears to be noncancerous (benign), a laparoscopic strategy (surgery without large incisions) may be ordered. For a larger tumor or one that may be cancerous, surgery with an incision in the back may be preferred. In some cases, the entire adrenal gland may need to be removed. Hormone therapy may be required prior to or after other options, such as surgery, have been done. If the tumor is cancerous, chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be needed.

Can adrenal tumors be prevented?

Adrenal tumors cannot be prevented. The risk factors for this condition are not preventable and are instead often linked to genetics (passed down from your parents)

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